Before the Uruguay Round negotiations, it became increasingly clear that the causes of confusion in global agriculture went beyond the import access problems, which had been the traditional centre of gravity of the GATT negotiations. To reach the root causes of the problems, disciplines were considered essential for all agricultural trade measures, including national agricultural policy and agricultural export subsidies. In addition, clearer rules on health and plant health measures were deemed necessary, both in their own legislation and in avoiding the circumvention of stricter rules on access to imports through unjustified and protectionist application of food security, as well as animal and plant health measures. News of agricultural negotiations See news on cotton standards and the trade development mechanism To help developing countries meet nutrition and health standards, WTO members made important decisions on agriculture at the WTO Ministerial Conference in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2015. These include the obligation to remove agricultural export subsidies, decisions on public storage for food security purposes, a special safeguard mechanism for developing countries and trade rules for cotton. WTO information on agriculture, including communications from WTO members Video: how to use AGIMS in July 2008. In July 2008, the task force developed its first framework of action, in which it defines its strategy and guiding principles and adopts a comprehensive approach to food security, including food availability, access, stability and use. In April 2008, following rising food prices, the WTO joined a high-level task force on the global food security crisis. The task force, chaired by the UN Secretary-General, is made up of leaders or other representatives of 22 international organizations, including the WTO and relevant parts of the UN secretariat. The Agreement on Agriculture (the Agreement) came into force on 1 January 1995. The preamble to the agreement recognizes that the long-term objective of the reform process under the Uruguay Round reform programme is to establish a fair and market-oriented agricultural trade system. The reform agenda includes specific commitments to reduce support and protection in the areas of domestic support, export subsidies and market access, as well as by defining more effective and effective GATT rules and disciplines. The agreement also takes into account non-trade issues, including food security and the need to protect the environment, and provides developing countries with special and differentiated treatment, including improving opportunities and conditions of access to agricultural products of particular export interest to these members.
The member transparency toolkit contains information on notification formats and a reporting manual, as well as links to members` lists with commitments and other resources to support member transparency in the agricultural sector. WTO members have taken steps to reform the agricultural sector and address high subsidies and trade barriers that distort agricultural trade. The overall goal is to establish a fairer trading system that improves market access and improves the livelihoods of farmers around the world. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, which came into force in 1995, is an important step towards reforming agricultural trade and towards fairer and more competitive development. The Committee on Agriculture is monitoring the implementation of the agreement. In many countries, agricultural trade remains an important part of overall economic activity and continues to play an important role in local agricultural production and employment. The trading system also plays a fundamental role in global food security, for example by ensuring that temporary food deficits are